Abomey Calavi town Hall
Located west of Cotonou, Abomey Calavi municipality, is located in the southern part of the Republic of Benin and the Atlantic department. Abomey Calavi is bounded to the North by the municipality of ZĂ¨, South by the Atlantic Ocean, East by the municipalities of SĂ´-Ava and Cotonou and West by the municipalities of Tori-Bossito and Ouidah. It is the largest commune of the Atlantic department of which it occupies more than 20%. It covers an area of 539 km2 representing 0.48% of the national area of Benin. Abomey -Calavi was historically a dismemberment of the Kingdom of Abomey. The town of Abomey Calavi accounts hundred and forty nine (149) villages and city districts headed by chiefs of villages or city neighborhoods and distributed over nine (09) districts that are: Calavi Centre Godomey, Akassato, ZinviĂ©, OuĂ¨do , Togba, HĂŞviĂ©, Kpanroun and Golo-DjigbĂ©. Each district is governed by an elected district chief (DC).
1 - PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK
RELIEF AND CLIMATE HYDROGRAPHY
The town of Abomey Calavi is a little rugged. Its main characteristics are: a sandy strip with barrier beaches, a bar earth plate and depressions.
The climate is sub-equatorial marked by two rainy seasons and two dry seasons.
The drainage system consists essentially of two bodies of water that are NokouĂ© lake and the coastal lagoon. In addition, the town has a coastline juxtaposed to the coastal lagoon, marshes, streams and wetlands. All this offers Abomey Calavi touristic and fishery potential.
SOIL AND VEGETATION
The largest part of the territory of the municipality of Abomey-Calavi is occupied by tropical ferruginous soils and sandy soils are not conducive to agriculture. The very flood waterlogged soils occupy only a small portion north of the territory. Arable land is estimated at 464.5 kmÂ˛.
The vegetation of the municipality varies crossed facies. Thus, one meets there the mangrove of pines in the coastal zone, degraded savannah on the shelf, market gardens along the marshes and grassy group in swamps and along the shores of Lake NokouĂ©.
The general population census in 2002 showed taht the municipality of Calavi is home to 307,745 inhabitants or 21% of the population of the departments of Atlantique and Littoral. 74.12% of this population live in urban areas and 25.88% in rural areas. Women represent 51.37% of the total population of the municipality.
On an average density of 571 inhabitants per kmÂ˛, the population is unevenly distributed in the nine districts.
The district of Godomey alone houses more than half of the whole town population.
On the other hand Togba and Kpanroun are less populated. Population growth of 5.84% in urban areas and 2.89% in rural areas.
The town of Abomey -Calavi today suffers the influence of the proximity of Cotonou, the economic capital. Indeed, the smallness of the Cotonou site and its large population led to an extension to Abomey -Calavi.
The dominant ethnic group in the town is the Aizo, but recent migration has allowed the installation of other ethnicities as Fon, Toffin, Yoruba, the Nagot, Goun and others.
The most practiced religions are Christianity, traditional religions, Islam and others.
2 - LOCAL ECONOMY OR ECONOMIC SECTORS
The main activity in the town is agricultural production. Several farms land are used for various crops. Economic life is animated by two (2) full time markets and nine (09) periodic markets, supermarkets and shops.
Agriculture and livestock
The existence of lowlands, pastures, farmerâ€™ organizations, farmers mentoring and funding structures, is the basis of a variety of crops (maize, cassava, pineapple, peanut, rice and oil palm tree, sorghum etc.) and a diversified livestock (cattle, goats, pigs, sheep, poultry, rabbits and cane rats).
The sharp reduction in cultivable land, under-equipment of producers, wandering animals and the difficult access to credit are the major constraints for producers. Despite the availability of fodder, crop residues and water points, livestock is considered a secondary activity and enjoys a low technical supervision. Furthermore, the high prevalence of animal diseases (swine and poultry disease) and the massive importation of livestock products and frozen eggs (poultry and meat) are threats to this sector.
Fishing is undeveloped in the town although the potential exists: rich in fish ponds and exploitable (Lake NokouĂ©, seaboard) and the availability of lowland that may contain fish holes.
The use of illegal fishing gear (small mesh nets), the size and the filling of the lake NokouĂ© due to acadjas installation induce the decline in fish production.
NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
The town has a large diversity of natural resources minimally exploited namely: lowland, laterites, clays, bar land, hot springs and drinking water, classified forests (580ha), 98km from streams and access to the Atlantic Ocean.
The sand quarries, gravel and laterite generally poorly organized and poorly monitored are operated by people. They are responsible at places of soil degradation and environment.
TRADE AND INDUSTRY
The commercial potential of Abomey is linked to the abundance of farming products (food crops, fish, cattle, poultry). Also were recorded in the municipality 11 local markets, 41 sheds and 3433 shops and other stores.
The industry is in an embryonic stage. The proximity of Cotonou, the existence of palm groves, some bread units, cassava processing in derivatives and fertilizer manufacturing flesh out this sector.
PROCESSING AND CRAFTS
The transformation is largely carried out by women either individually or in groups. As for crafts, it includes both women and men.
If the availability of agricultural raw materials and know how of traditional processing techniques are assets, the lack of equipments for processors and artisans, poor diversification of products and the difficult access to credit hampers the development of these sectors.
Tourism and Hospitality
The city of Abomey Calavi has very few attractions able to draw large crowd like the lakeside city of GanviĂ©.
However, the royal palace Calavi of HĂŞviĂ©, etc., the coastline, the sacred forests, convents and the python temple, etc. sites are to value for tourism. Regarding the hotel sector, proximity to Cotonou limits the possibilities of development.
3 - Community relations or social sector Services
HEALTH AND WELFARE
The existence and operation of health centers in all districts, COGEA, a Social Promotion Centre (SPC), pharmaceutical depots and traditional medicines are assets of the municipality. We also note the presence of an area hospital and the Red Cross hospital of ZinviĂ©. In Annexe is the situation in terms of infrastructure and health personnel in the town. But that does not stop as long persistent health problems and risky behavior. The most frequent diseases are malaria, water-borne diseases and respiratory infections and STI / HIV-AIDS. This is situation is linked among others to the under-equipped health centers, the insufficient number of qualified personnel etc. However, the organization of awareness campaigns, vaccination and the presence of support structures and other NGOs contribute insignificantly to the relief of the population in terms of health.
The results of the study made in September 2004, the enrollment rate is over 90% and there are a high number of private schools in the municipality, the presence of school meals in some schools and support structures to education. However, the educational situation of the town of Abomey Calavi is bleak. Indeed, the school facilities are over 42% in poor condition or insecure materials; public primary schools (EPP) are under-equipped and the number of qualified personnel is insufficient with a strong disparity. The ratio teacher / student is 1/56 (1/50 against as EQF standards) While there are several teachers in one class in urban districts, public primary schools in other districts suffer from a glaring shortage . To this is added the lack of textbooks: there is a book for more than 6 students. The town of Abomey home to the first university of Benin (UAC) and full of several secondary, public and private institutions, general education, technical and vocational.
Regarding literacy, there are 29 literacy centers in the town totaling 297 students including 192 women. Each center has a literacy teacher. If the number of centers is insufficient, it is also important to note that the number of learners per center is quite low (average 10 learners per center).
BASIC SERVICES DELIVERY
The existence of space that can accommodate social and community infrastructure and the availability of a reference master plan for the plateau of Abomey Calavi are assets that can afford to provide the town with a minimum of social and community facilities. The slow subdivision servicing operations slows in the municipality. Indeed, there is low coverage of the municipality by the electrical networks and water supply. Only 17 villages / districts out of 70 are electrified and there are 86 boreholes with manual pump, 66 modern wells and 4 water supply systems village (AEV); 14 villages / districts out of 70 are served by the water system SONEB and the majority is concentrated in the districts of Godomey and Abomey.
Similarly, there is low coverage of the municipality by the conventional telephone network. These challenges are aggravated by the lack of recreation centers and playgrounds. But some prospects exist namely the expansion projects of conventional telephone networks and GSM, and electricity networks and water supply by SBEE / SONEB which are opportunities to seize.
Security is provided by three units namely two gendarmerie stations in the districts of Calavi and Godomey and a police station in Abomey -Calavi. Given the scope of the municipality, it follows a low coverage by the security services (gendarmerie and police). Moreover, these services are under-equipped and have a workforce of insufficient staff. The proximity of Cotonou with its high crime rate, lack of public lighting in the municipality, the proliferation of the sale and consumption of drugs are many factors that create an upsurge of crime in the town, slowing its socioeconomic development.
Municipal council sessions are held regularly with a high participation of elected officials. However, the delay in the installation of the permanent committees of work (07), poor communication between the Town Council and the people, the lack of a registration record of the common heritage and the low level of investment in the municipality are major constraints to the town Council.
The town of Abomey is composed of most of the services provided by the statutes governing the operation of joint in Benin Republic. It employs three hundred and thirty four (334) agents of which seven (07) received wages in the national budget and three hundred and twenty seven (327) at the community budget. The lack of qualified staff (at Town Hall and boroughs), the malfunction of the filing system and archiving records, contributing to the poor performance of council services.
The municipal budget is growing steadily since 1999 and is more than 5 billion in 2015. The strong recovery rate of taxes (90%), the good performance of budget management tools and the existence of a important tax deposit (tax bases) constitute significant assets. The tax bases varied, including:
â€˘ The construction or unoccupied land property;
â€˘ Commercial activities;
â€˘ Merchants equipment;
â€˘ Industrial activities;
â€˘ The craft activities;
â€˘ The provision of services;
Thes sources of taxes are under-utilized at present because of the slowness and delays in the subdivision operations and the lack of a Land Registry Urban (RFU). The capacity for self-financing of the municipality for the five recent years amounted to over a billion.
The town of Abomey has important assets for its urbanization: morphology and terrain favorable to urban development, land availability and a reference master plan.
Existing management plans are: The reference development plan of Abomey Calavi and the development plan of &quot;Grand Cotonou&quot; (under development).
Existing urban plans are: Godomey urbanization plan, plans for the district of Abomey-Calavi, the former contract Djinadou Plan, the Plan ZOCA, ZOPAH the Plan, the Plan test SERHAU-SA.
This added to the implementation of several major projects planned for the benefit of the municipality will speed up the process as expected by the people.
However, the delay and slow subdivision operations, frequent domanial conflicts, poor management of administrative reserves and financial resources mobilization difficulties in the implementation of urban facilities delay and jeopardize the harmonious urbanization of the town.
Furthermore, the proximity of Cotonou with its small living area and high population pressure generates a pressure on the development of the town that must quickly adapt and urbanize.
TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION
The town of Abomey is crossed by two paved lanes inter states (RNIE2 and RNIE3). The interior is served by rural feeder roads generally in poor condition due to poor drainage runoff. The common communication network is not very developed because of the delay in opening lines of communication, it is also related to the delay and slow pace of subdivision operations.
Furthermore, there is generally poor coverage of the municipality by telephone networks (conventional and GSM). However, the districts of Abomey -Calavi, Godomey and Akassato seem best covered by the telephone networks.
All this contribute to the incivility of part of the population (destruction or theft of equipment, violation of traffic) in slowing down the economic activities of the municipality.
SPORT, CULTURE AND LEISURE
The town of Abomey has a high proportion of young people. We also meet several groups of traditional and modern music and a variety of vodoun cults and other cultic rites. However, sporting, cultural and leisure activities are underdeveloped. This is explained by the lack of sport promotion policy, culture, recreation and low coverage in sports and leisure facilities of the Commune. Indeed, all districts have sports field, but they are not well developed and only two districts out of nine (Abomey and Akassato) have a house of youth, culture and leisure activities. Although there is space available for the construction of sports and cultural facilities in the town. But the delay in servicing of these areas and sometimes their decommissioning for other purposes also constitute constraints to the development of these activities in the municipality.
ORGANIZATION OF CIVIL SOCIETY (CSOs) AND POLICY OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF ABOMEY-CALAVI
There are a multitude of organizations in the municipality. Include among others: development associations, producers organizations (the Communal Unions of Producers (UCP) and Female Groups (UCGF)), Health Management Committees (COGEA), Students Parent Associations (EPA CAPE), associations or self-help groups, NGOs and some political parties. These organizations operate in isolation in the economic, social, cultural and political life of the municipality. But the weak collaboration of Local Administration with these organizations, the lack of a shared vision of development and a framework for consultation, and infighting among CSOs are major constraints for the operation of the expertise available at CSOs and other NGOs. The council has initiated the creation of a framework for NGOs and associations working in the city. However, this initiative did not receive follow-up.
Regarding political parties, they are especially noted as the elections approach.
GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT
The Communal Council of Abomey is one of Benin's few councils to have more women in it. However, the rate of involvement of women in decision-making remains low. The influencing factors for the low involvement of women in decision making include: the low level of women's education, the weight of tradition, household chores and lack of solidarity among them. On the other hand, some factors could favor a strong participation of women in decision-making such as: literacy and education, the existence of women's groups and the implementation of a national policy to promote wome.
The community of Abomey Calavi is situated in the West of Cotonou, in the South side of the Republic of Benin and of the Atlantic department. The physical delimitation in the North is the ZĂ¨â€™s municipality, the Atlantic Ocean in the South, the SĂ´-Ava and Cotonouâ€™s municipalities in the East and the Tori-Bossito and dâ€™Ouidahâ€™s municipalities in the West.
For further information on the services offered by theAbomey Calaviâ€™s town hall, feel free to contact us on the details provided below.